"In my studio, I start by drawing and building paper models. Patterns for
components are detailed in a drafting program. The next step is building a 1/12 scale model of steel or bronze which also serves as a presentation piece
For the purpose of scaling up and preparing for the full scale build, my staff and I construct a very accurate 1⁄4 scale “machinists model”. The geometry of every surface is carefully documented and repeated at the larger scale. The second generation model is detailed with every bolt hole and even internal structural parts. Through this process, everyone in the studio becomes very familiar with all aspects of the construction methods unique to the project and how each part is to be formed. For safety, the 1⁄4 scale models are used to test the protocols for rigging and loading for transportation. This way when we lift full scale pieces weighing over a ton, we already know exactly how to rig for a safe pick. We even have scale models of the studio crane system and the trailers used to transport the work. We use a variety of plate rolls and presses to form the parts of the sculptures. The studio has a 37’ ceiling and is equipped with multiple cranes for the handling and manipulation of large pieces of metal."