Mies van der Rohe (1886 – 1969) was a German-American architect, who along with Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius and Frank Lloyd Wright is widely regarded as one of the pioneers of modernist architecture.
Mies, like many of his post-World War I contemporaries, sought to establish a new architectural style that could represent modern times just as Classical and Gothic did for their own eras. He created an influential twentieth-century architectural style, stated with extreme clarity and simplicity.
His mature buildings made use of modern materials such as industrial steel and plate glass to define interior spaces. He strove toward an architecture with a minimal framework of structural order balanced against the implied freedom of unobstructed free-flowing open space. He called his buildings "skin and bones" architecture. He sought an objective approach that would guide the creative process of architectural design, but he was always concerned with expressing the spirit of the modern era.
He also designed modern furniture pieces that have become popular classics, such as the Barcelona chair and table, the Brno chair and the Tugendhat chair. He is often associated with his quotation of the aphorisms, "less is more" and "God is in the details."